Common Dental Problems

Tooth Decay

Caries, or tooth decay, is a preventable disease. While caries might not endanger your life, they may negatively impact your quality of life.

When your teeth and gums are consistently exposed to large amounts of starches and sugars, acids may form that begin to eat away at tooth enamel. Carbohydrate-rich foods such as candy, cookies, soft drinks and even fruit juices leave deposits on your teeth. Those deposits bond with the bacteria that normally survive in your mouth and form plaque. The combination of deposits and plaque forms acids that can damage the mineral structure of teeth, with tooth decay resulting. Call our Scarsdale dentist office today to learn more about how to avoid tooth decay.

Sensitive Teeth

Your teeth expand and contract in reaction to changes in temperature. Hot and cold food and beverages can cause pain or irritation to people with sensitive teeth. Over time, tooth enamel can be worn down, gums may recede or teeth may develop microscopic cracks, exposing the interior of the tooth and irritating nerve endings. Just breathing cold air can be painful for those with extremely sensitive teeth. Tooth grinding can increase facial tooth erosion, which is dramatically responsible for tooth sensitivity to cold and air. This is why the team at SDG specializes in custom-made night guards to protect your teeth and prevent tooth sensitivity and excessive wear. Insert link to night guard section

Gum Disease

Gum disease (perodontitis) can cause inflammation, tooth loss and bone damage. Gingivitis (Gum disease) begins with a sticky film of bacteria called plaque. Gums in the early stage of disease or gingivitis, can bleed easily and become red and swollen. As the disease progresses to periodontitis, irreversible bone loss occurs and teeth may become loose or need to be removed by a dentist. Gum disease is highly preventable and can usually be avoided by daily brushing and flossing. One indicator of gum disease is consistent bad breath or a bad taste in the mouth. Gum disease is preventable and treatable, however periodontal disease by definition implies bone lone and is treatable but not completely reversible.

Bad Breath (Halitosis)

Daily brushing and flossing helps to prevent the build-up of food particles, plaque and bacteria in your mouth. Food particles left in the mouth deteriorate and cause bad breath. While certain foods, such as garlic or anchovies, may create temporary bad breath, consistent bad breath may be a sign of gum disease or another dental problems. If you have a consistent problem with unpleasant breath or mouth odor you are in need of a complete exam, tooth scaling and prophylaxis.

Canker Sores

Canker sores (aphthous ulcers) are small sores inside the mouth that often recur. Generally lasting one or two weeks in the duration. Canker sores are autoimmune and not infectious or contagious. They can be treated palliatively with warm salt-water rinses or topical agents. The canker sores have a white or gray center surrounded by a red border. If you encounter recurrent or intolerable canker sores (aphthous ulcers), Dr. Furnari has a special prescription for Dexamethasone elixir that provides relief and speeds healing. Canker sores (aphthous) are different than herpetic sores (cold sores) which are viral. To discern the difference you may call our reception to schedule an exam. Ask the doctor about laser treatment for cancer sores.

Orthodontic Problems

A bite that does not meet properly (a malocclusion) can be inherited, or some types may be acquired. Some causes of malocclusion include missing or extra teeth, crowded teeth or misaligned jaws. Accidents or developmental issues, such as finger or thumb sucking over an extended period of time, may cause malocclusions. If crooked teeth or a bad bite are your concern than Drs. Furnari and Mobilia have a network of specialists that they may personally connect you with.